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Lassa Fever: a rodent-human interaction

This resource examines the sites of interactions between humans and the multimammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis. It presents findings such as new arenaviruses in other African rodents and in snakes, that  argue preferably toward the host-switching concept. The recent emergence in Sierra Leone, the absence of virus positive Mastomys between the two endemic zones and poor virus diversity in the Mano River area also point in the direction of a unique import of Lassa virus from Nigeria to Sierra Leone during the 19th century. This resource also discusses the hypothesis of human displacements through the Atlantic slave trade and its abolition in 1807.

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Diversity and dynamics in a community of small mammals in coastal Guinea, West Africa

This resource investigated three villages in high endemic zones of Lassa fever in Guinea and presents the biodeiversity of the small mammal community identified through standardized trapping in houses, cultivations and forest.

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WHO: Lassa fever research and development (R&D) roadmap

This resource provides a framework for identifying the vision, underpinning strategic goals, and prioritizing areas and activities for accelerating the collaborative development of medical countermeasures.

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Fluctuation of abundance and Lassa virus prevalence in Mastomys Natalensis in Guinea, West Africa

This study investigates the link between the ecology of the M. Natalensis and the incidence of Lassa fever in human cases in Guinea. They found that the risk for Lassa virus transmission was present in both rainy and dry season; however the risk increased in the dry season because of the possibility of encountering rodent excreta in the houses.

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U.S. Centre for Disease Control (CDC): Lassa fever

Further information from the U.S. CDC in both English and French about the transmission, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of Lassa fever.

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U.S Centre for Disease Control (CDC): Ebola hemorrhagic fever information packet

This resource provides a fact sheet for Ebola as well as a case count and location list for April 9th, 2010.

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Safe intensive-care management of a severe case of Lassa fever with simple barrier nursing techniques

This resource describes the case-management of Lassa fever in a specific patient and the difficulties encountered in repatriating her for diagnosis and management, which is unavailable in Sierra Leone, are described.The experience with this case has implications for the medical care and safe handling of Lassa fever in both endemic and nonendemic areas.

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The use of Lassa fever convalescent plasma in Nigeria

This resource describes the use of Lassa fever convalescent plasma amongst patients at hospitals in Jos and Vom, Nigeria as a potential therapy. 

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Popular concerns about medical research projects in sub-Saharan Africa – a critical voice in debates about medical research ethics

This resource aims to move beyond the dismissal of stories about blood-stealing and trade in body parts as ‘mere’ rumour, based on erroneous belief or traditional superstition, and to instead appreciate them as modern commentaries on social relations that involve, and extend far beyond, scientific medical research.

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Ethics and the ethnography of medical research in Africa

This resource outlines two emerging approaches to medical ethics, and summarises each of seven papers selected from the conference for inclusion in this special issue on ethics and ethnography, and finally highlights two areas of lively debate at the conference itself: the appropriateness and value of ethics guidelines and review boards for medical research; and the ethical review of social science research.

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