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Acute sensorineural deafness in Lassa fever

This resource describes a prospective audiometric evaluation of 69 hospitalized febrile patients in Sierra Leone, West Africa, that revealed a sensorineural hearing deficit (SNHD) in 14 (29%) of 49 confirmed cases of Lassa fever and in 0 of 20 febrile controls. This study found that lassa fever is associated with an incidence of SNHD, which considerably exceeds that previously reported with any other postnatally acquired infection.

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Therapy management: Concept, reality, process

This resource described the two concepts of "therapy management" (diagnosis, selection, and evaluation of treatment, as well as support of the sufferer) and "therapy management group" (the set of individuals who take charge of therapy management with or on behalf of the sufferer) as developed in medical anthropology research in Central Africa. It explores their historical development, current use by researchers, and potential future uses in contextually sensitive analyses. 

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Lassa fever–induced sensorineural hearing loss: A neglected public health and social burden

This resource summarises clinical findings of hearing loss in Lassa fever (LF) patients highlighting the association between Lassa virus infection and sudden-onset sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), as well as the potential mechanism(s) for LF-induced SNHL. The study highlights that further research is necessary to identify the mechanism and the epidemiology of LF-induced SNHL.

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Dealing with the unseen: Ffear and stigma in Lassa fever

This poster reports on research carried out with patients and caregivers at Irrua hospital.  It shows how many patients feared telling their family members that they were infected with Lassa Fever, and some were rejected by their family who refused to care for them.

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Stigma and the ethics of public health: Not can we but should we

This article examines the burdens which stigmatization can place on those who are already at a social disadvantage more generally across different public health interventions, and the ways in which stigmatization impacts on the human right to dignity and poses a potential threat to public health work.

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Understanding the cryptic nature of Lassa fever in West Africa

In this article the authors give an overview of the current knowledge on Lassa fever (ecology, epidemiology and distribution) and the importance of future socio-ecological changes in the increase of Lassa fever burden.

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Using modelling to disentangle the relative contributions of zoonotic and anthroponotic transmission: The case of Lassa fever

The authors present the results of a modelling approach, using published data from outbreak and patients to Kenema governmental Hospital in Sierra Leone. They estimate the likely contribution to human to human transmission. They shed light on the need to better assess the human to human transmission.

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Challenges in preparing and implementing a clinical trial at field level in an Ebola emergency: A case study in Guinea, West Africa

This resource describes the main challenges of the implementation of a trial in the Ebola treatment center of Guéckédou. Following the principles of the Good Clinical Research Practices, it reports the aspects of the community’s communication and engagement, ethical conduct, trial protocol compliance, informed consent of participants, ongoing benefit/risk assessment, record keeping, confidentiality of patients and study data, and roles and responsibilities of the actors involved.

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Lassa fever: Epidemiology, clinical features, and social consequences

This resource describes the epidemiology of Lassa fever and its vector, as well as the clinical course and management of the disease. It then reports on current treatment efforts, surveillance and disease control before presenting community perspectives through a knowledge, attitude and practice survey and a qualitative study.  

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WHO: Target product profile for Lassa virus vaccine

This resource is an outline of the WHO target product profile development  for Lassa, as well as a generic description of WHO's Vaccine Pre-qualification process.

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