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Displaying 1 - 10 of 22 results.

Evaluation of rodent control to fight Lassa fever based on field data and mathematical modelling

This resource aims to to assess the efficacy of rodent control by performing a 4-year field experiment in rural Upper Guinea, and developing a mathematical model to simulate different control strategies (annual density control, continuous density control, and rodent vaccination).

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Ebola hemorrhagic fever outbreaks in Gabon 1994-1997

This resource describes the fall 1994 epidemic in Gabon and a retrospective check for other etiologic agents due atypical aspects of Yellow fever infection during the epidemic. The paper then highlights the beneficial use of barrier nursing techniques in limiting disease spread and in the prevention of future Ebola hemorrhagic fever epidemics.

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Lassa fever. Epidemiological aspects of the 1970 epidemic

This resource describes the contact tracing of patients during a hospital centred outbreak of Lassa fever in early 1970 in Jos, Nigeria. 

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Sierra Leone continues to struggle for relief from Lassa fever

This short article in The Lancet describes the issues faced by the medical relief charity MERLIN, which provides Lassa fever services in Sierra Leone, during and after the civil war. 

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Mystery virus from Lassa

Two sisters, both with a deep and abiding religious faith, tell the story of their involvement with a severe but unknown viral disease. One is a missionary nurse. Lily, who caught the disease; the other is Rose, who cared for her when she was brought back to the States. The shared story began with a letter from Lily.

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Understanding the cryptic nature of Lassa fever in West Africa

This resource synthesizes current knowledge of Lassa fever (LF) recoligy, epidemiology and distribution to show that extrapolations from past research have produced an incomplete picture of the incidence and distribution of LF, with negative consequences for policy planning, medical treatment and management interventions.

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Epidemics of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in Gabon (1994-2002)

This resource considers the cultural and psycho-sociological aspects accounting for the difficulty to implement control measures during the Ebola haemorrhagic fever epidemics in Gabon between 1994 and 2002. It discusses the possibilities of better surveillance and a quick management of intervention means, including a regional permanent pre-alert.

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Evidence that rodent control strategies ought to be improved to enhance food security and reduce the risk of rodent-borne illnesses within subsistence farming villages in the plague/endemic West Nile region, Uganda

This resource presents a survey of 37 households from 17 subsistence farming villages within the West Nile region of Uganda. This revealed that rodents cause both pre- and post-harvest damage to crops. Evidence of rodent access to stored foods was reported in conjunction with each of the reported storage practices, and the paper suggests that current efforts are inadequate for effectively reducing rodent abundance in homes.

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Lassa Fever: a rodent-human interaction

This resource examines the sites of interactions between humans and the multimammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis. It presents findings such as new arenaviruses in other African rodents and in snakes, that  argue preferably toward the host-switching concept. The recent emergence in Sierra Leone, the absence of virus positive Mastomys between the two endemic zones and poor virus diversity in the Mano River area also point in the direction of a unique import of Lassa virus from Nigeria to Sierra Leone during the 19th century. This resource also discusses the hypothesis of human displacements through the Atlantic slave trade and its abolition in 1807.

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Diversity and dynamics in a community of small mammals in coastal Guinea, West Africa

This resource investigated three villages in high endemic zones of Lassa fever in Guinea and presents the biodeiversity of the small mammal community identified through standardized trapping in houses, cultivations and forest.

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